Memphis Minnie, born Lizzie “Kid” Douglas in 1897, is considered by many to be the best female blues singer of all time. She received her first guitar in 1905 as a Christmas present, and was among the first twenty performers inducted to the Hall of Fame in the inaugural W.C. Handy Awards in 1980.
The famous tune, "When the Levee Breaks", popularized by Led Zeppelin, was written about the 1927 flood by Kansas Joe and Memphis Minnie and recorded by them in 1929. The original recording can be heard here: